This year, when choosing socks, there are no such rules and taboos as there were a couple of years ago. For example, the trend is cute socks for strict shoes, sandals, slip-ons or espadrilles. At the same time, if the shoes have a heel, it looks even more attractive. Especially if the socks are made of lurex or corduroy. And although these socks are at the peak of popularity, it is not so easy to buy them. You still need to try to find it, plus the price is often very high. It is much easier to sew and decorate with your own hands. How socks are made?
The History of Socks
It is extremely difficult to imagine the life of a modern person without some things in his wardrobe. Such things can be safely attributed to socks, the history of the appearance of which goes deep into ancient times.
The history of socks originates from ancient Greece. Knitted socks of 300-499 years This part of the wardrobe belonged to underwear, and it was not accepted to show it in public. They were considered an item of exclusively female wardrobe, outwardly they looked like soft shoes that covered the heels and fingers. But it was not customary for men to wear these home shoes, although they were often used by comic actors in theatrical productions. The appearance in socks on stage usually caused a storm of positive emotions and laughter from the audience.
Over time, the fashion for socks appeared in ancient Rome, where women began to flaunt them on the street without hesitation. Soon the warriors noticed them. They liked them, because, making long military campaigns, their legs quickly wore out and hurt very much. The Germanic tribes who ravaged Rome liked to wear ankle-high socks.
The length of the socks over time became more and more. In the Middle Ages, socks became an exclusively male part of the wardrobe. Catholic priests liked such things. In those days, the length of socks grew again, they turned from a kind of golf into stockings.
In the Renaissance, the fashion for knitted stockings came. Their homeland was Spain, and such stockings became popular in the 16th century. Knitted stockings were made by hand, their height reached the top of the thigh. Stockings made of silk fabrics have become fashionable among women. At that time, only men were engaged in knitting. It was a difficult and painstaking job.
In order to somehow facilitate it, in 1589, William Lee, a Master of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge, invented a hosiery knitting machine. The English Queen Elizabeth I did not like the car for the reason that she made only coarse stockings made of wool, and not light and thin silk, so beloved by aristocrats. Not finding support in the ruling circles, the inventor fled to Rouen, France, where he established production.
In the 18th century, pantaloons became very popular. Stockings with lace have become firmly established in women’s fashion. Already at the end of the century, a circular knitting machine was invented in France. The products made by her quickly replaced hand-made stockings due to a cheaper price. Thanks to the popularity of pantaloons with stockings, a reverse metamorphosis occurred. They began to shorten.
At the beginning of the 20th century, after the end of the First World War, socks acquired recognizable outlines. There was not enough material for long socks, so they became shorter. The socks had suspenders, but as soon as an elastic band was invented for them, the need for suspenders disappeared. With the advent of nylon in 1935, socks became more comfortable and elastic.
Gradually, socks began to be divided into every day, sports, for wearing under a business suit or just at home. Today, socks are an integral part of men’s, women’s and children’s clothing. They perform a number of important functions such as protecting against calluses, preventing sweating, warming the feet, in the end, socks have become a certain part of the image.
Materials in Socks
Undoubtedly, when choosing socks, one of the most important issues is the material from which the product is made. In this article, we will talk about the most popular materials for socks, as well as their properties.
- This material is characterized by convenience and comfort in wearing, it is soft, easy to care for and quite resistant to washing. In addition, their cotton socks will pass air well and absorb moisture. It is worth noting that this material is stronger than wool, and the warming effect is slightly higher than that of flax.
- Bamboo is one of the most unique plants. Bamboo yarn has a natural antibacterial agent that suppresses the growth of bacteria by 70% and prevents the appearance of an unpleasant smell. These properties are not lost during the wearing process, as they are due to the very structure of bamboo fibers and remain even after 50 washes. In addition, bamboo socks are hypoallergenic and very soft. The microstructure of bamboo fabric allows products made of bamboo yarn to absorb 1.5 times more moisture than cotton, and thanks to rapid evaporation, socks made of this yarn have cooling properties. Socks made of bamboo yarn last 3 times longer than socks made of cotton.
- Angora wool in its pure form is almost never used, because it is inelastic. However, in combination with other materials, angora will fully show all its positive qualities: softness, warmth and comfort.
- The concept of such a material as wool is collective, since it includes the wool of sheep, llamas, camels, rabbits, goats, and even dogs. The wool of different animals differs from each other in its properties. Among the main characteristics, it is necessary to note the unique ability to retain heat, softness, and hygroscopicity for a long time. In addition, the wool is resistant to creasing and stretches well.
- Sheep’s wool. This material for socks is characterized by softness, the ability to retain heat, as well as the convenience of wearing. In addition, sheep wool does not irritate the skin, and therefore can be used for the manufacture of products such as children’s socks.
- We are talking about the very first artificial fiber. The main qualities of viscose are pleasant to the touch, good breathability, as well as hygroscopicity. The high intensity of color allows you to make socks of various and bright colors.
- The outer polyamide layer of socks will prevent the occurrence of corns and corns, and also significantly increase the wear resistance of the product.
- This material is added to the yarn to create a spectacular “metallic shine”. Lurex is not used independently, because it is characterized by rigidity, rudeness, as well as impracticality. However, a small amount of it in the yarn will give the socks a special elegant appearance.
- Artificial elastic fiber, which significantly improves the quality and convenience of knitwear. The undoubted advantage of spandex is that it can be stretched to a size five to seven times larger than the original, without any negative consequences. Spandex is used only in small quantities in combination with other synthetic, as well as natural fibers.
- The main advantages of such fibers are low crease, high strength, good resistance to abrasion, as well as various organic solvents.
Manufacturing Process of Making Socks
How socks are made? The manufacturing process itself is quite simple and takes place in several stages:
- The base of the sock is made. First, the main part of the sock is formed on a special knitting machine. Depending on how thin the yarn is needed and what raw materials are used in production, the type of knitting machine will differ. The density of the product will directly depend on which needles are used. The thinner the needle, the denser the sock.
- The toe of the sock is sewn up. This stage takes place with the use of a kettel machine. The machine can be semi-automatic (preferably) or manual. Since it is necessary for the sock processing process that the employee manually puts each base on the device, it cannot be fully automated. And further processing takes place without human participation.
- Socks are formed using a press, and then the base is steamed on a special unit. Drying of the product also occurs at this stage. Here, semi-automatic press machines are used, which is controlled by only one employee.
- At the next stage, the products are marked, embroidery and a logo are applied. This process can take place in different ways, depending on what equipment is used.
- The last, final stage is the packaging of finished products. Some manufacturers ignore this element, considering it an unjustified waste of money, but this is not the case at all. It is the packaging that attracts the first attention. Therefore, it is important that it stands out among others and attracts the views of potential buyers. It’s all manufacturing process.
Learn more about it in this video:
Useful Information: How it is made? Sports Socks
In this video you will see manufacturing process of making socks and find more information about this topic.
Instructions How Socks Are Made with Your Own Hands
For sewing, many people prefer to spend the remnants of fabrics in order to dispose of them at the same time in this way. How socks are made? Tailoring begins with cutting. The most practical of all existing patterns is a pattern of 4 parts as shown in the figure. The result will be anatomically comfortable socks.
It is necessary to cut taking into account the allowance of 0.7-1 cm. Next, all the details are sewn on a typewriter. You can also use an overlock, however, the thinner and more imperceptible the seams are, the more comfortable the socks will be. When sewing warm socks made of fleece, for example, an overlock is not needed.
The overlock is used necessarily in cases where the fabric is loose. For socks made of an old knitted sweater, you cannot do without it. There are loose knitted fabrics, but in their case, an overlock will also be needed. If there is no overlock at home, then, as an alternative, the seams should be processed with a zigzag machine stitch.
First of all, you need to sew the second and third parts. Thus, the sole and the heel of the sock will turn out. After that, the second and third parts are sewn from the first-the sole with the heel are sewn with the upper part of the sock. When all the elements are connected, you will get a ready-made base of the product. It remains a small matter – to connect it with an elastic band. To do this, the part in the form of a rectangle should be sewn and turned out by folding in half. The resulting ring should be sewn to the prepared sock base.
Alternatively, the sock itself can be cut out higher. Plus, make the bend wider and stitch 4-5 circular lines with a thread-elastic band. To do this, the upper thread in the sewing machine is used as usual, and an elastic thread is wound down into the bobbin. If you stretch an ordinary factory sock, then just such elastic bands can be seen from the wrong side.
Important! The elastic band is a rather complicated detail, because if it is tight in socks, then the vessels are squeezed and blood circulation is disrupted. Those products that practically do not leave a trace on the feet during use are considered correct. Edema and diseases do not count. Therefore, it is necessary to approach the elastic band in socks with all care, choose the most optimal option for you.